Diabetes mellitus at indonesia| Diabetes mellitus, often simply as diabetes, a group of metabolic diseases in which a person is called high blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enough insulin, or because the cells did not produce the insulin to react. Diabetes mellitus at indonesia This high blood sugar levels produce the classic symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger).
There are three main types of Diabetes mellitus at indonesia
Type 1 diabetes: results from the body’s failure to produce insulin, and now need someone to inject the insulin. (Also mellitus as insulin-dependent diabetes, IDDM, juvenile diabetes and called for short.)
Type 2 diabetes: results from insulin resistance, a condition in which cells do not use insulin properly on, sometimes combined with absolute insulin deficiency. (Earlier, when mellitus non-insulin-dependent diabetes, NIDDM for short-term and age-onset.)
Gestational diabetes: when a pregnant woman who has never before diabetes, high blood sugar levels during pregnancy. This may precede the development of type 2 DM.
Most cases of diabetes mellitus fall into three broad categories: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. A few other types are described. The term diabetes, without qualification, usually refers to diabetes mellitus. The rare disease diabetes insipidus has similar symptoms as diabetes mellitus, but without disturbances in the sugar metabolism (insipidus meaning “without taste” in Latin).
The term “type 1 diabetes” has replaced several former terms, including childhood-onset diabetes, juvenile diabetes, and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). Likewise, the term “type 2 diabetes” has replaced several former terms, including adult-onset diabetes, obesity-related diabetes, and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). Beyond these two types, there is no agreed-upon standard nomenclature. Various sources have defined “type 3 diabetes” as: gestational diabetes, insulin-resistant type 1 diabetes (or “double diabetes”), type 2 diabetes which has progressed to require injected insulin, and latent autoimmune diabetes of adults (or LADA or “type 1.5” diabetes).
Diabetes mellitus at indonesia including congenital diabetes
Other forms of diabetes mellitus including congenital diabetes, which is caused by genetic defects in insulin secretion, cystic fibrosis related diabetes, steroid diabetes caused by high dose glucocorticoids, and various forms of monogenic diabetes.
All forms of Diabetes mellitus at indonesia are treatable since insulin became available in 1921 can, and type 2 diabetes can be controlled with medication. Both Type 1 and 2 is a chronic disease that usually can not be cured. Pancreas transplants have been tried with moderate success in type 1 DM, gastric bypass surgery has been successful in many with morbid obesity and type 2 diabetes. Gestational diabetes usually resolves after childbirth. Without proper treatment, diabetes can cause many complications.
Diabetes mellitus at indonesia include hypoglycemia
Acute complications include hypoglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis or nonketotic hyperosmolar coma. Serious long-term complications such as heart disease, chronic renal failure, retinal damage.Adequate treatment of diabetes is so important, as well as control of blood pressure and lifestyle factors such as smoking and maintaining a healthy weight.
In 2000 at least 171 million people worldwide suffer from diabetes, or 2.8% of the population. Type 2 diabetes is the most common and affects 90 to 95% of U.S. diabetics. these the end talk about Diabetes mellitus at indonesia.